How Lift or Elevator Works? Learn with Block Diagram

A lift or elevator is a vertical transportation system or device that is designed to carry people or goods between different levels or floors of a building. It consists of a cabin or platform that moves up and down along vertical shafts guided by rails or cables. You can see their use in Residential Buildings Office Buildings, Hotels, Shopping Malls, Hospitals, Airports and Train Stations, Educational Institutions, Commercial Buildings and Skyscrapers, Public Facilities, etc. Anyway, in this article, we are going to understand the working principle of the Lift or Elevator with a detailed block diagram. This block diagram will help you a lot to easily understand how a lift or elevator system works.

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Block Diagram of Lift, Elevator Block Diagram

According to the above block diagram, here is a simple description of each block,

Main Control System: It manages and controls all the operations of the lift, coordinating its movements and responding to user commands.

Motor Driver: This component provides electrical energy to the lift's motor and controls its speed and direction as instructed by the main control system.

Power Supply: It supplies electrical energy to power the lift's various components, ensuring they function properly.

Hoist Machine: It raises and lowers the lift car using an electric motor, pulleys, and cables or ropes.

Safety System: This system incorporates features like emergency brakes, overspeed governors, door interlocks, and safety sensors to ensure passenger safety and prevent accidents.

Call Buttons: Located on each floor and inside the lift car, passengers use these buttons to request the lift to stop at their desired level.

Lift Cabin/Lift Car: It's the compartment in which passengers and goods are transported vertically.

Display Indicator: It shows the current position and direction of the lift, helping passengers identify its status.

Landing Doors: These doors are found on each floor and open when the lift arrives, allowing passengers to enter or exit the lift car.

Communication System: It facilitates communication with passengers during emergencies or provides announcements and instructions if needed.

In summary, A lift or elevator system consists of several key components that work together to provide vertical transportation within a building. The main control system manages all operations, while the motor driver supplies electrical energy and controls the motor. A power supply system provides power to various components, and the hoist machine raises and lowers the lift car. Safety systems ensure passenger safety, call buttons enable users to request stops, and display indicators show the lift's position. Landing doors allow access to the lift car, and a communication system facilitates emergency communication and announcements. Understanding these components is crucial for comprehending the functionality and safe operation of a lift or elevator system.

How Lift or Elevator Works? Learn with Block Diagram How Lift or Elevator Works? Learn with Block Diagram Reviewed by Author on April 27, 2024 Rating: 5
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